by Ann E. Hale, M.A., TEP
You are running a personal growth group for a group of eight, using
psychodrama as the announced primary mode of exploration. During a
session focused on various interpersonal choices you have described the
basic options as a positive choice, negative choice, neutral choice,
conflicted choice and the “choose not to choose” options.
Describe a way you might involve the group in an action exploration of
these sociometric options.
On the floor of the group space I have used masking tape to map a large
square, one large enough for group members to stand inside.
I place the roll of tape on one corner to represent the
zero ( O ) or neutral position. To the left of
that corner I tape a plus sign ( + ) indicating positive dominance and
opposite to that corner I tape a Minus sign ( - ) to indicate negative
dominance. Opposite to the zero I place a Plus/Minus to
represent conflictual dominance. This structure is called the
Diamond of Opposites 1 and is used to explore polarities and ambivalence
in choice situations. It is a structure I want to use in future
explorations in the group and this will be the first introduction to
the basic template. I also place a chair outside of the diamond
and refer to it as the “Choose not to choose” position.
I have generated a list of 10 questions (more than I’ll need) to which
the group members can respond by taking a position. For
example: (1) “A friend asks you: “Will you be my bridesmaid
at my wedding?” (2) The PTA has asked you to head up a committee
on school safety, (3) You see someone on the highway signaling they
need help., etc.
I have in mind some exercises to warm the group up to action. I also
have organized a way to make notes for myself to keep track of various
members’ placement for each question.
Exploring sociometric choice options
Following some short action warmups such as stretching, using the
voice, and interacting in playful ways, I begin to introduce the topic
and identify the five positions. When I stand at each place, I
ask the group to make sounds, statements and movements which represent,
“positive”,,”negative” “neutral” “conflicted” and “choosing not to
choose”. If they have questions I suggest that we try to do some brief
explorations first and then discuss.
I read a question, and ask group members to go to the area on the
diamond which best represents their answer. If any position is not
taken by group members, I ask someone to role play that position for
the group. I encourage comments by the group members and I make notes
of the position taken by the group members. After a few of these I ask
people to get in twos or threes to come up with any questions they want
to ask the group. We then explore these questions in action.
In closing, we hold a group discussion. What did people notice about
the ease or difficulty to locating their response? What
warmup is still with you? What do you need before we close the group
1 Carlson Sabelli,Linnea, Hecor Sabelli and Ann E. Hale,
(1994) “Sociometry and sociodynamics” in Psychodrama Since Moreno,
Edited by Marcia Karp, Paul Holmes and Michael Watson.
London, Routledge, p. 150-154.
2 Marlo J. Archer, “Exploring choices” an e-mail response to
email@example.com , June 23, 2007. Dr.
Archer has listed 14 possible topics and suggested the use of the
locogram activity, which has a similar objective to the use of the
Diamond of Opposites. Her list includes: (1) choice of your current
spouse; (2) choice of an ex-spouse of boy/girlfriend; (3) choice of
college; (4) choice of today’s breakfast; (5) choice of a political
party; (6) choice of a presidential candidate; (7) choosing your
favorite relative; (8) having to choose a family member to abandon in
an emergency to save other family members; (9) choosing to quit a job;
(10) choosing to end a relationship; (11) choosing to have a doctor
investigate an unusual ache, pain, or symptom; (12) choosing to ask for
a promotion or raise; (13) choosing to enter a sweepstakes / play the
lottery; (14) choosing to spend a day at a casino.