a brief answer by Ann E. Hale, M.A., TEP
The desire for role relief can be caused by an increase in neutral and
negative responses to a role which had once held excitement and
potential. The expectations to maintain a certain pace and
commitment from oneself and others becomes heavier. There are also
times when a person experiences too much isolation in the role,
or the opposite, too much involvement from people making suggestions
and requiring meetings or interventions. A group’s inability to
identify someone able to assume the leadership or prepare a replacement
can also be felt as being “trapped” in role. Make some
notes to yourself about what circumstances may be prompting your need
for role relief. Choose someone from your coterie of friends and
let that person know that you are exploring this issue. Set up some
time to discuss with them what you may discover as you explore the
situation using pen and paper sociometry devices.
(1) Identify the names of all the groups (a
collective social atom) in which you are an identified leader or have a
major role in the functioning of that group. Prioritize the list of
groups: leadership is most burdensome in these groups to
leadership is least burdensome in these groups..
(2) Draw a Diamond of Opposites for each group, using the following criterion:
“What is the strength of my pull to vacate the
leadership role I have in this group” and “What is the strength of my
pull not to vacate the leadership role I have in this group?”
(3) Choose a group to begin exploring the social
atom of that group. Place yourself in a position on the social atom
target and use nearness and distance to place each other person in the
group in relation to you as you experience the connection you have to
him/her here and now. Next, choose another social
atom target for the same group, and plot a future projection based on
your perception of the changes which might occur in those connections
were you to resign your current leadership role.
a. Compare the two social atoms, and identify
the relationship (s) on which you most want to focus for further
b. Examine the membership of the group and
identify any persons who may be asked or who would volunteer to take
over the leadership functions you currently have in the group.
c. Make a list of the group members and
order the list from the persons you most want to succeed you to the
persons you least want to have succeed you.
d. Identify the roles you would most like to have in each group.
Proceed to other groups and follow the same procedure. Be sure to
connect to your friend and share what you are learning and the impact
changes are likely to have on you.
1 Hale, Ann E. (1985) Conducting Clinical Sociometric Explorations Roanoke, VA, Royal Publishing Co., p.21.
2 Carlson-Sabelli, Linnea, Hector Sabelli and
Ann E. Hale, “Sociometry and sociodynamics” IN Psychodrama Since Moreno
(1994) London, Routledge, p. 150-154.
3. Hale, Ann E. (1985) p. 27.